Calfrac Announces Third Quarter Results and Reduced Capital Budget

CALGARY, AB, Nov. 12, 2020 /CNW/ - Calfrac Well Services Ltd. ("Calfrac" or "the Company") (TSX: CFW) announces its financial and operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

HIGHLIGHTS


Three Months Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,


2020

2019

Change

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except per share and unit data)

($)

($)

(%)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)







Revenue

127,776

399,220

(68)

524,714

1,303,870

(60)

Operating income(1)

8,009

47,021

(83)

6,400

131,747

(95)

Per share – basic

0.06

0.33

(82)

0.04

0.91

(96)

Per share – diluted

0.06

0.32

(81)

0.04

0.90

(96)

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

8,467

43,028

(80)

10,094

132,237

(92)

Per share – basic

0.06

0.30

(80)

0.07

0.92

(92)

Per share – diluted

0.06

0.30

(80)

0.07

0.91

(92)

Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

70

(450,132)

(106,803)

NM

Per share – basic

(0.34)

(0.20)

70

(3.10)

(0.74)

NM

Per share – diluted

(0.34)

(0.20)

70

(3.10)

(0.74)

NM

Working capital (end of period)




127,989

257,189

(50)

Total equity (end of period)




(81,033)

414,195

NM

Weighted average common shares outstanding (000s)







Basic

145,312

144,674

145,086

144,512

Diluted

145,481

145,334

145,256

145,713

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
Calfrac's President and Chief Operating Officer, Lindsay Link commented on the results: "The third quarter presented a number of challenges to our organization, and I am proud of the way everyone at Calfrac responded. From a safe and profitable restart of operations in a number of areas, to the excellent ongoing results in Canada and Russia, to the progress of our restructuring plan, once again Calfrac's successes are due to the hard work of our people and the quality of our relationships. I'd like to offer my sincere thanks to our employees for a job well done, and to our other stakeholders for their ongoing and valuable support."

During the quarter, Calfrac:

  • increased job activity in all areas while maintaining safe and efficient performance,

  • took advantage of market disruptions to add new clients globally, and,

  • advanced plans for the restructuring of its balance sheet.

In light of current market conditions, the Board of Directors of Calfrac approved a further reduction in the Company's 2020 capital budget from $55.0 million to $40.0 million.

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, the Company obtained approval of its proposed recapitalization transaction, as amended (the "Recapitalization Transaction") at meetings of its senior unsecured noteholders and shareholders. Court approval for the transaction was obtained on October 30, 2020 under the Canada Business Corporations Act, and the Company remains focused on the completion of the Recapitalization Transaction.

The statutory appeal process launched by Wilks Brothers, LLC, after the ruling by the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta approving Calfrac's Recapitalization Transaction is moving ahead. The Alberta Court of Appeal has agreed to hear the appeal on an expedited basis, with a hearing scheduled for November 25, 2020. Calfrac will vigorously oppose the appeal and is confident that the evidence before the Court of Appeal supports its position. Calfrac will continue to update stakeholders with all significant developments as the process continues, and is continuing preparations to close the Recapitalization Transaction as quickly as practicable following the upcoming appeal hearing.

THIRD QUARTER 2020 OVERVIEW

CONSOLIDATED HIGHLIGHTS

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

127,776

399,220

(68)

Expenses




Operating

109,708

333,505

(67)

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A)

10,059

18,694

(46)


119,767

352,199

(66)

Operating income(1)

8,009

47,021

(83)

Operating income (%)

6.3

11.8

(47)

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

8,467

43,028

(80)

Adjusted EBITDA (%)

6.6

10.8

(39)

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

33,382

28,748

16

Number of fracturing jobs

3,527

12,745

(72)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

840

1,337

(37)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

505

72

NM

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

1,345

1,409

(5)

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

22,795

23,477

(3)

Number of coiled tubing jobs

364

993

(63)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

15

21

(29)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

12

8

50

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

27

29

(7)

Cementing revenue per job ($)

51,000

46,238

10

Number of cementing jobs

27

142

(81)

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

12

14

(14)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

4

9

(56)

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

16

23

(30)

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

Revenue in the third quarter of 2020 was $127.8 million, a decrease of 68 percent from the same period in 2019. The lower revenue was mainly due to the fracturing job count decreasing by 72 percent resulting primarily from lower activity in North America and Argentina. Cementing activity in Argentina was also down 81 percent, while consolidated coiled tubing activity decreased by 63 percent as a result of lower activity in Canada, Argentina and Russia. Fracturing revenue per job increased by 16 percent due to changes in job mix in Canada.

Since the end of 2019, Calfrac has decreased the number of active fracturing fleets, as well as its operating and corporate cost structure, in order to respond to the decline in fracturing activity in Canada and the United States. The Company's immediate and market relevant cost reduction efforts ensured that its operating footprint was aligned with the 72 percent decline in job count experienced in the third quarter in 2020, and has positioned it to generate positive operating income despite significantly lower revenue in the quarter.

Adjusted EBITDA of $8.5 million for the third quarter of 2020 decreased from $43.0 million in the comparable period in 2019 primarily as a result of the sharp decline in activity in the United States, Argentina and Canada. This was partially offset by better utilization for its operating fleets in Russia.

The net loss was $50.0 million or $0.34 per share diluted compared to a net loss of $29.4 million or $0.20 per share diluted in the same period last year. The Company recorded a non-cash termination charge of $2.1 million to exit a take-or-pay product purchase commitment in Canada, a $0.7 million bad debt provision in Canada, restructuring charges of $0.4 million and $0.2 million of nationalization costs due to changes in Argentina's government regulations during the third quarter of 2020.

Three Months Ended

September 30,

June 30,

Change


2020

2020


(C$000s, except operational information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

127,776

91,423

40

Expenses




Operating

109,708

87,520

25

SG&A

10,059

11,210

(10)


119,767

98,730

21

Operating income (loss)(1)

8,009

(7,307)

NM

Operating income (loss) (%)

6.3

(8.0)

NM

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

8,467

(5,185)

NM

Adjusted EBITDA (%)

6.6

(5.7)

NM

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

33,382

36,406

(8)

Number of fracturing jobs

3,527

2,377

48

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

840

780

8

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

505

572

(12)

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

1,345

1,352

(1)

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

22,795

21,773

5

Number of coiled tubing jobs

364

209

74

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

15

16

(6)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

12

11

9

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

27

27

Cementing revenue per job ($)

51,000

36,608

39

Number of cementing jobs

27

7

286

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

12

13

(8)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

4

3

33

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

16

16

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

Third-quarter revenue in 2020 of $127.8 million represented an increase of 40 percent from the second quarter of 2020, primarily due to improved fracturing activity in all of the areas where Calfrac operates. Revenue per fracturing job was 8 percent lower compared with the second quarter of 2020 due to job mix in Canada, and the impact of a lower rouble in Russia.

In Canada, third-quarter revenue increased by 61 percent from the second quarter to $44.7 million due to a rebound in customer activity resulting from improved oil and natural gas prices. Operating income as a percentage of revenue was 15 percent, compared to 23 percent in the second quarter. The lower operating income as a percent of revenue was primarily due to the recording of a non-cash termination charge of $2.1 million in order to exit a take-or-pay product purchase commitment, combined with a $0.7 million bad debt provision recorded during the quarter.

In the United States, revenue in the third quarter of 2020 was $46.5 million, or 22 percent higher than the second quarter. The improvement was primarily activity driven due to the rebound in oil prices to the US$40/barrel range. Operating income was $2.8 million in the third quarter, compared to a loss of $5.0 million in the second quarter of 2020, primarily due to the higher revenue base. Second-quarter results also included $1.8 million of restructuring costs, which were not incurred in the third quarter.

In Russia, revenue of $28.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 was 19 percent higher than the second quarter, and  operating income improved by $3.3 million, due primarily to improved utilization.

In Argentina, revenue in the third quarter of 2020 increased to $8.1 million from $1.5 million in the second quarter. The higher revenue base resulted in an operating loss of $3.9 million, compared to an operating loss of $6.4 million in the second quarter. The improvement in revenue and operating income was primarily attributed to a full quarter of normal operations in southern Argentina. However, the Company's main customer operating in the Vaca Muerta shale play postponed the recommencement of its operations until the end of October.

Adjusted EBITDA of $8.5 million for the third quarter of 2020 increased from negative $5.2 million in the second quarter of 2020, primarily due to improved utilization in all operating areas.

BUSINESS UPDATE AND OUTLOOK
Calfrac's operating results during the third quarter were driven primarily by strong operating results in Canada, where industry activity recovered quickly from the prior quarter and Russia, where steady work volumes and improved job mix were achieved.

CANADA
In Canada, activity improved significantly from the prior quarter, as work volumes returned with improved commodity prices and Calfrac's core clients resumed capital programs.

Calfrac's Canadian division remains staffed to deploy up to 150,000 HP into the market, typically consisting of three large fracturing spreads. The Company is also able to deploy up to four deep coiled tubing rigs either in support of fracturing operations or in a stand-alone capacity.

Based on awarded work, the Company expects activity in the fourth quarter to be in line with levels seen in the third quarter, however announced reductions in the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy will likely impact margin performance. The Company's active equipment is expected to be highly utilized through the end of the first quarter of 2021 based on current work programs. Calfrac does not intend to activate or staff incremental equipment without an acceptable combination of  improved economic returns and visibility on work scope to support the investment.

UNITED STATES
During the third quarter, Calfrac's operations in the United States experienced higher levels of activity across all areas of operation. The return of oil prices to the US$40/barrel range permitted a number of clients to resume capital spending on a limited and prudent basis. As the quarter unfolded, more discussions occurred with clients with the aim of transitioning to a higher level of activity through the end of the year and into 2021.

Calfrac is currently staffed to crew five fleets in its United States operations, a level that balances cost management with servicing its core clients in the field. The Company expects that activity will improve sequentially in the fourth quarter, largely due to a continuation of activity levels seen exiting the third quarter, with some reduction of activity possible in the final weeks of the year. The recent improvement in natural gas pricing has the potential to drive some incremental spending by gas-weighted clients in 2021, however budgets have not yet been finalized for many producers in the United States.

RUSSIA
Calfrac's Russian operations performed very well during the third quarter, delivering results that exceeded expectations due to steady work volumes and improving job mix. Operational disruptions that have been experienced in the last number of years were avoided, which further contributed to operational and financial improvements. The shift to more multi-stage conventional wells is expected to continue into the future, as is the development of the Erginskoye field and the consistent activity levels that development is anticipated to support.

Calfrac is evaluating the possibility of activating more equipment in Western Siberia, but will only do so if the internal economic hurdles are met, and sufficient visibility on consistent work volumes exists.

ARGENTINA
In Argentina, Calfrac's operations showed improved operating and financial results on a sequential basis, but remain below levels seen in early 2020. The Company has reduced costs where possible to minimize cash losses, and saw a resumption of activity during the latter part of the quarter. Subsequent to quarter end, Calfrac resumed fracturing operations in the Vaca Muerta field, which has been idled since the first quarter of this year.

Fourth-quarter activity is expected to improve significantly from the third quarter, which should in turn improve financial results as the year closes out. As a number of competitors have ceased operations in some parts of the country during 2020, work volumes may increase in 2021, leading to further improvement in financial results.

CORPORATE
Calfrac's focus on cost management and capital discipline continues to drive corporate decision making, ensuring the Company can operate safely and efficiently in challenging market conditions. The Company will continue to update the market by way of press release with information on the closing of its Recapitalization Transaction as approved by affected security holders and the Court of Queen's Bench in Alberta, as well as any other material developments in the process. Calfrac's Board of Directors has also approved a $15.0 million reduction in the Company's 2020 capital budget, from $55.0 million to $40.0 million.

FINANCIAL OVERVIEW – THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020 VERSUS 2019

CANADA

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

44,669

104,759

(57)

Expenses




Operating

36,352

85,281

(57)

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A)

1,826

4,048

(55)


38,178

89,329

(57)

Operating income(1)

6,491

15,430

(58)

Operating income (%)

14.5

14.7

(1)

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

24,179

13,881

74

Number of fracturing jobs

1,647

6,537

(75)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

174

257

(32)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

100

48

108

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

274

305

(10)

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

14,995

18,489

(19)

Number of coiled tubing jobs

294

734

(60)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

8

11

(27)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

5

3

67

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

13

14

(7)

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's Canadian operations during the third quarter of 2020 was $44.7 million compared to $104.8 million in the same period of 2019, primarily due to lower operator activity, combined with a smaller operating footprint. In the third quarter of 2020, the number of fracturing jobs was 75 percent lower than the comparable period in 2019 due to an overall decrease in customer activity resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and general market conditions. Customer activity for the quarter started out relatively strong, with a slight pull-back in activity in August, followed by a ramp-up of activity in September. Revenue per job increased by 74 percent, mainly due to job mix as less work was completed in the Viking oil play, which has smaller average job sizes. The number of coiled tubing jobs decreased by 60 percent from the third quarter in 2019 as the number of coiled tubing crews was reduced, while revenue per job decreased by 19 percent due to job mix.

OPERATING INCOME
Operating income in Canada during the third quarter of 2020 was $6.5 million compared to $15.4 million in the same period of 2019. As a percentage of revenue, the Company's operating income was consistent with the comparable quarter at 15 percent despite a 57 percent decrease in revenue. This was due to a combination of the continuation of cost savings initiatives implemented in the second quarter of 2020 and the $4.1 million Canadian Emergency Wage Subsidy that was received and recorded as a reduction of operating costs during the quarter. The 58 percent decrease in operating income generated by operations was mainly due to the lower revenue base and a non-cash termination charge of $2.1 million in order to exit a contractual take-or-pay product purchase commitment, combined with a $0.7 million bad debt provision recorded during the quarter.

UNITED STATES

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

46,503

224,424

(79)

Expenses




Operating

40,827

191,923

(79)

SG&A

2,887

4,684

(38)


43,714

196,607

(78)

Operating income(1)

2,789

27,817

(90)

Operating income (%)

6.0

12.4

(52)

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

34,630

39,302

(12)

Number of fracturing jobs

1,345

5,699

(76)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

483

877

(45)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

388

12

NM

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

871

889

(2)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

1

1

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

1

1

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

2

9

(78)

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

2

9

(78)

US$/C$ average exchange rate(2)

1.3321

1.3204

1

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's United States operations decreased to $46.5 million during the third quarter of 2020 from $224.4 million in the comparable quarter of 2019. The significant decrease in revenue can be attributed to a combination of a 76 percent reduction in the number of fracturing jobs completed and a 12 percent decrease in revenue per job period-over-period. The decrease in activity across all operating regions was driven by deteriorating market conditions due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on commodity prices. In response, the Company reduced its operating footprint from 15 active fleets at the end of the third quarter in 2019 to four fleets at the end of the third quarter in 2020.

OPERATING INCOME
The Company's United States operations generated operating income of $2.8 million during the third quarter of 2020 compared to $27.8 million in the same period in 2019. The decrease in operating income was due to the significant reduction in operating fleets since the third quarter of 2019 as the Company reduced its operating footprint in response to the deterioration in the market. The lower operating income as a percentage of revenue was the result of lower pricing and utilization during the quarter. SG&A expenses decreased by 38 percent, primarily due to headcount and compensation reductions that were enacted in 2020.

RUSSIA

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

28,530

23,781

20

Expenses




Operating

21,880

23,267

(6)

SG&A

617

718

(14)


22,497

23,986

(6)

Operating income (loss)(1)

6,033

(204)

NM

Operating income (loss) (%)

21.1

(0.9)

NM

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

67,303

86,941

(23)

Number of fracturing jobs

390

241

62

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

65

65

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

12

12

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

77

77

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

48,542

44,202

10

Number of coiled tubing jobs

47

64

(27)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

3

4

(25)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

4

3

33

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

7

7

Rouble/C$ average exchange rate(2)

0.0181

0.0204

(11)

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's Russian operations increased by 20 percent during the third quarter of 2020 to $28.5 million from $23.8 million in the corresponding three-month period of 2019. The increase in revenue was attributable to a 62 percent increase in fracturing activity as the Company began operations for a customer in the Erginskoye field in Western Siberia. Revenue per fracturing job decreased by 23 percent primarily due to an 11 percent decline in the Russian rouble, offset partially by job mix, as a higher percentage of multi-stage wells were completed in the third quarter in 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. Coiled tubing activity decreased by 27 percent, primarily due to lower than expected utilization with Calfrac's main customer.

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
The Company's Russian division generated operating income of $6.0 million during the third quarter of 2020, versus an operating loss of $0.2 million in the comparable quarter in 2019. The improved operating performance was primarily due to better utilization of its operating fleets, combined with the continuation of cost reduction measures that were implemented in the first half of 2020.

ARGENTINA

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

8,074

46,256

(83)

Expenses




Operating

10,365

31,924

(68)

SG&A

1,585

2,672

(41)


11,950

34,596

(65)

Operating (loss) income(1)

(3,876)

11,660

NM

Operating (loss) income (%)

(48.0)

25.2

NM

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

118

138

(14)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

5

NM

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

123

138

(11)

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

12

14

(14)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

2

NM

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

14

14

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

4

6

(33)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

2

1

100

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

6

7

(14)

US$/C$ average exchange rate(2)

1.3321

1.3204

1

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Calfrac's Argentinean operations generated total revenue of $8.1 million during the third quarter of 2020 compared to $46.3 million in the comparable quarter in 2019. The Argentina government mandated a complete shutdown of all oilfield activity in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the COVID-19 shutdown was lifted in the third quarter of 2020, one of the Company's main customers operating in the Vaca Muerta field postponed the recommencement of its operations until the end of October, resulting in a 46 percent decrease in fracturing activity. Fracturing, coiled tubing and cementing activity in the southern area of the country resumed with smaller field crews commencing operations.

OPERATING (LOSS) INCOME
The Company's operations in Argentina incurred an operating loss of $3.9 million during the third quarter of 2020 compared to operating income of $11.7 million in the comparable quarter of 2019. The operating loss was mainly due to a slow restart of operations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the Company incurred $0.2 million of nationalization costs due to changes in government regulations, and $0.1 million of severance costs were recorded in the third quarter of 2020. SG&A costs were 41 percent lower than the comparable quarter in 2019, primarily due to headcount reductions and other cost savings initiatives continuing throughout the quarter.

CORPORATE

Three Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Expenses




Operating

284

1,110

(74)

SG&A

3,144

6,572

(52)


3,428

7,682

(55)

Operating loss(1)

(3,428)

(7,682)

(55)

% of Revenue

2.7

1.9

42

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

OPERATING LOSS
Corporate expenses for the third quarter of 2020 were $3.4 million compared to $7.7 million in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower personnel costs resulting from headcount and compensation reductions, combined with $0.6 million in government wage subsidies received during the third quarter of 2020, offset partially by $0.3 million of severance charges. In addition, $1.2 million of costs associated with the Company's Recapitalization Transaction that were recorded as SG&A expense in the second quarter of 2020 were reclassified to prepaid expenses during the third quarter. The Company's stock-based compensation expense of $0.6 million was $0.7 million lower than the comparable quarter in 2019 due to a lower share price at the end of the quarter.

DEPRECIATION
For the three months ended September 30, 2020, depreciation expense decreased by $27.0 million to $31.7 million from $58.7 million in the corresponding quarter in 2019. The Company recorded PP&E impairment charges totaling $227.2 million in the first half of 2020, which resulted in lower depreciation in the third quarter. The decrease was also the result of reduced capital expenditures relating to major components, which have a shorter useful life and result in a higher rate of depreciation.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE GAINS AND LOSSES
The Company recorded a foreign exchange loss of $7.8 million during the third quarter of 2020, versus a loss of $5.0 million in the comparative three-month period of 2019. Foreign exchange gains and losses arise primarily from the translation of net monetary assets or liabilities that were held in U.S. dollars in Canada, net monetary assets or liabilities that were held in pesos in Argentina, and U.S. dollar denominated assets held in Canada. In Canada, the foreign exchange loss of $3.1 million was primarily due to the revaluation of net monetary assets that were held in U.S. dollars as the Canadian dollar strengthened relative to the U.S. dollar. In Russia, the foreign exchange loss of $3.0 million was attributable to the revaluation of net monetary liabilities held in Canadian dollars. In Argentina, the foreign exchange loss of $1.9 million was primarily related to the settlement of peso-denominated monetary assets and liabilities.

INTEREST
The Company's net interest expense of $19.6 million for the third quarter of 2020 was $2.0 million lower than the comparable period in 2019. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to the debt exchange that was completed during the first quarter in 2020, which resulted in reduced leverage of approximately $130.0 million, and interest savings realized in the quarter of approximately $1.8 million.

INCOME TAXES
The Company recorded an income tax expense of $0.2 million during the third quarter of 2020 compared to a recovery of $10.8 million in the comparable period of 2019. The income tax expense was due to positive taxable income in Russia that is not able to be fully sheltered by tax loss carry forwards. The Company derecognized its deferred tax asset during the first quarter of 2020 and will no longer record any deferred income tax amount until it has greater certainty as to the realization of such assets.

SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY RESULTS

Three Months Ended

Dec. 31,

Mar 31,

Jun. 30,

Sep. 30,

Dec. 31,

Mar. 31,

Jun. 30,

Sep. 30,


2018

2019

2019

2019

2019

2020

2020

2020

(C$000s, except per share and operating data)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

(unaudited)









Financial









Revenue

498,858

475,012

429,638

399,220

317,085

305,515

91,423

127,776

Operating income (loss)(1)

61,992

43,623

41,103

47,021

20,997

5,698

(7,307)

8,009

Per share – basic

0.43

0.30

0.28

0.33

0.15

0.04

(0.05)

0.06

Per share – diluted

0.42

0.30

0.28

0.32

0.14

0.04

(0.05)

0.06

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

62,914

44,086

45,123

43,028

26,882

6,812

(5,185)

8,467

Per share – basic

0.44

0.31

0.31

0.30

0.19

0.05

(0.04)

0.06

Per share – diluted

0.43

0.30

0.31

0.30

0.18

0.05

(0.04)

0.06

Net loss

(3,462)

(36,334)

(41,045)

(29,424)

(49,400)

(122,857)

(277,275)

(50,000)

Per share – basic

(0.02)

(0.25)

(0.28)

(0.20)

(0.34)

(0.85)

(1.91)

(0.34)

Per share – diluted

(0.02)

(0.25)

(0.28)

(0.20)

(0.34)

(0.85)

(1.91)

(0.34)

Capital expenditures

31,484

28,218

37,784

38,885

34,418

29,283

6,068

2,792

Working capital (end of period)

329,871

276,785

291,056

257,189

248,772

233,125

157,165

127,989

Total equity (end of period)

513,820

481,675

443,361

414,195

368,623

239,099

(34,195)

(81,033)










Operating (end of period)









Active pumping horsepower (000s)

1,328

1,344

1,346

1,337

1,269

1,242

780

840

Idle pumping horsepower (000s)

42

36

59

72

141

174

572

505

Total pumping horsepower (000s)

1,370

1,380

1,405

1,409

1,410

1,416

1,352

1,345

Active coiled tubing units (#)

22

21

21

21

20

20

16

15

Idle coiled tubing units (#)

7

8

8

8

8

7

11

12

Total coiled tubing units (#)

29

29

29

29

28

27

27

27

Active cementing units (#)

11

11

14

14

13

13

13

12

Idle cementing units (#)

12

12

9

9

6

3

3

4

Total cementing units (#)

23

23

23

23

19

16

16

16

(1) With the adoption of IFRS 16, the accounting treatment for operating leases when Calfrac is the lessee, changed effective January 1, 2019. Calfrac adopted IFRS 16 using the modified retrospective approach and the comparative information was not restated. As a result, the Company's Operating Income and Adjusted EBITDA in subsequent periods are not comparable to periods prior to January 1, 2019. Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

SEASONALITY OF OPERATIONS
The Company's North American business is seasonal. The lowest activity is typically experienced during the second quarter of the year when road weight restrictions are in place due to spring break-up weather conditions and access to well sites in Canada and North Dakota is reduced (refer to "Business Risks - Seasonality" in the 2019 Annual Report).

FOREIGN EXCHANGE FLUCTUATIONS
The Company's consolidated financial statements are reported in Canadian dollars. Accordingly, the quarterly results are directly affected by fluctuations in the exchange rates for United States, Russian and Argentinean currency (refer to "Business Risks - Fluctuations in Foreign Exchange Rates" in the 2019 Annual Report).

FINANCIAL OVERVIEW – NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020 VERSUS 2019

CANADA

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

177,101

324,574

(45)

Expenses




Operating

146,253

278,144

(47)

SG&A

6,054

9,165

(34)


152,307

287,309

(47)

Operating income(1)

24,794

37,265

(33)

Operating income (%)

14.0

11.5

22

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

18,172

16,874

8

Number of fracturing jobs

8,811

16,886

(48)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

174

257

(32)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

100

48

108

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

274

305

(10)

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

19,469

19,441

Number of coiled tubing jobs

850

1,934

(56)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

8

11

(27)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

5

3

67

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

13

14

(7)

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's Canadian operations during the first nine months in 2020 was $177.1 million versus $324.6 million in the comparable period in 2019. In the first nine months, the number of fracturing jobs decreased by 48 percent due to a smaller operating footprint in the second and third quarter of 2020, and an overall decrease in market activity. Revenue per fracturing job increased by 8 percent from the comparable period in 2019 primarily due to job mix as less work was completed in the Viking oil play which has smaller average job sizes. Despite revenue per job staying consistent, coiled tubing activity decreased by 56 percent which resulted in lower year-over-year coiled tubing revenue.

OPERATING INCOME
The Company's Canadian division generated operating income of $24.8 million compared to $37.3 million in the comparable period in 2019. The decrease was due to the significantly lower revenue generated during the period and a non-cash termination charge of $2.1 million to exit a take-or-pay product purchase commitment. Despite the lower revenue base, the Company achieved a 14 percent operating income margin due to its continued focus on controlling operating costs, combined with $8.0 million of Canadian Emergency Wage Subsidy that was received in response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This increase was partially offset by $1.6 million in restructuring costs. The $3.1 million reduction in SG&A expenses compared to 2019 was primarily due to lower headcount, compensation reductions and limitations on discretionary spending. In addition, a bad debt provision of $0.7 million was recorded in the first nine months in 2020 compared to $1.3 million in the comparable period of 2019.

UNITED STATES

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

238,807

742,634

(68)

Expenses




Operating

225,554

626,852

(64)

SG&A

10,228

13,171

(22)


235,782

640,023

(63)

Operating income(1)

3,025

102,611

(97)

Operating income (%)

1.3

13.8

(91)

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

30,053

45,651

(34)

Number of fracturing jobs

7,946

16,252

(51)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

483

877

(45)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

388

12

NM

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

871

889

(2)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

1

1

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

1

1

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

2

9

(78)

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

2

9

(78)

US$/C$ average exchange rate(2)

1.3541

1.3292

2

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's United States operations decreased to $238.8 million during the first nine months in 2020 from $742.6 million in the comparable period in 2019, primarily due to lower fracturing activity and the impact of a substantial shift to customers providing their own sand. Completions activity in the United States decreased during the first nine months by 51 percent as customers curtailed spending in all of the Company's operating regions in response to low commodity prices. Revenue per job decreased 34 percent due to lower pricing, combined with the impact of a greater proportion of customers providing their own sand.

OPERATING INCOME
The Company's United States division generated operating income of $3.0 million during the first nine months in 2020 compared to $102.6 million during the comparable period in 2019. The 97 percent decrease was primarily the result of the sharp decline in the Company's revenue base as customers reacted to the steep decline in commodity prices and reduced their drilling and completions activity accordingly. The Company started 2020 with 10 active fleets operating in the United States and exited the third quarter with four active fleets. The Company operated an average of 14 fleets in the comparable nine month period in 2019. SG&A expenses decreased by 22 percent, primarily due to lower personnel costs resulting from headcount and compensation reductions. The Company recorded $2.4 million of severance costs during the first nine months of 2020.

RUSSIA

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

73,458

81,563

(10)

Expenses




Operating

64,598

81,909

(21)

SG&A

2,373

2,513

(6)


66,971

84,422

(21)

Operating income (loss)(1)

6,487

(2,859)

NM

Operating income (loss) (%)

8.8

(3.5)

NM

Fracturing revenue per job ($)

83,347

87,165

(4)

Number of fracturing jobs

795

831

(4)

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

65

65

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

12

12

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

77

77

Coiled tubing revenue per job ($)

46,432

44,103

5

Number of coiled tubing jobs

155

207

(25)

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

3

4

(25)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

4

3

33

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

7

7

Rouble/C$ average exchange rate(2)

0.0191

0.0204

(6)

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Revenue from Calfrac's Russian operations during the first nine months in 2020 of $73.5 million was 10 percent lower than the comparable period in 2019. The decrease in revenue was mostly related to a 4 percent reduction in fracturing activity, primarily during the first half of the year, when warmer than normal weather restricted access to job locations combined with a smaller operating footprint, and a 25 percent reduction in coiled tubing activity. Revenue per fracturing job was 4 percent lower than the comparable period in 2019 due to the 6 percent depreciation of the Russian rouble, partially offset by job mix as the Company completed more multi-stage wells during the period.

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
The Company's Russian division generated operating income of $6.5 million during the first nine months of 2020 compared to a loss of $2.9 million in the comparable period in 2019. Utilization in the first quarter of 2020 was negatively impacted by warmer than normal weather, which restricted access to job locations. The second and third quarters experienced improved profitability due to better utilization, combined with cost reduction measures that were implemented throughout the first nine months of 2020. The operating results for the first nine months of 2020 included $0.4 million in severance costs.

ARGENTINA

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s, except operational and exchange rate information)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Revenue

35,348

155,099

(77)

Expenses




Operating

41,706

126,660

(67)

SG&A

5,595

8,131

(31)


47,301

134,791

(65)

Operating (loss) income(1)

(11,953)

20,308

NM

Operating (loss) income (%)

(33.8)

13.1

NM

Active pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

118

138

(14)

Idle pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

5

NM

Total pumping horsepower, end of period (000s)

123

138

(11)

Active cementing units, end of period (#)

12

14

(14)

Idle cementing units, end of period (#)

2

NM

Total cementing units, end of period (#)

14

14

Active coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

4

6

(33)

Idle coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

2

1

100

Total coiled tubing units, end of period (#)

6

7

(14)

US$/C$ average exchange rate(2)

1.3541

1.3292

2

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

(2) Source: Bank of Canada.

REVENUE
Calfrac's Argentinean operations generated total revenue of $35.3 million during the first nine months in 2020 versus $155.1 million in the comparable period in 2019. The 77 percent decline in revenue was primarily due to the significant impact of COVID-19 and the subsequent shutdown of the oilfield industry in Argentina, which affected all service lines. The early part of 2020 started with an increase in activity, despite some schedule gaps in the Vaca Muerta region. In mid-March, the Argentina government mandated a complete shutdown of all oilfield activity in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The shutdown continued through most of the second quarter, with some activity in southern Argentina restarting in June and continuing into the third quarter. The Company's main customer in the Vaca Muerta region postponed the recommencement of its operations until the end of October.

OPERATING (LOSS) INCOME
The Company's operations in Argentina incurred an operating loss of $12.0 million during the first nine months of 2020, compared to operating income of $20.3 million in the comparable period in 2019. The loss was attributable to the sharp decline in revenue caused by the government-mandated shutdown of all oilfield activity in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company took measures where possible to reduce costs in response to the unprecedented revenue disruption, including temporary and permanent headcount reductions, price reductions with vendors and the elimination of various field costs. The operating results also included $0.4 million in consulting fees, $0.2 million in nationalization costs due to changes in government regulations, and $0.1 million of severance expenses.

CORPORATE

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Change

(C$000s)

($)

($)

(%)

(unaudited)




Expenses




Operating

1,864

3,493

(47)

SG&A

14,089

22,085

(36)


15,953

25,578

(38)

Operating loss(1)

(15,953)

(25,578)

(38)

% of Revenue

3.0

2.0

50

(1) Refer to "Non-GAAP Measures" on pages 22 and 23 for further information.

OPERATING LOSS
Corporate expenses during the first nine months in 2020 were $16.0 million compared to $25.6 million in the comparable period in 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower personnel costs resulting from headcount and compensation reductions, combined with $1.2 million in government wage subsidies received during the first nine months in 2020. Reductions to personnel costs were partially offset by $0.8 million of severance costs during the first nine months in 2020. The Company's stock-based compensation expense of $1.0 million was $2.6 million lower than the comparable period in 2019, primarily due to a lower share price.

DEPRECIATION
Depreciation expense during the first nine months in 2020 decreased by $51.1 million to $141.2 million from $192.3 million in the comparable period in 2019. The decrease was primarily due to the impact of the $227.2 million of impairment charges taken in the first half of 2020, combined with lower sustaining capital expenditures. The remaining reduction in depreciation was the result of the Company decreasing its useful life estimates and salvage values effective January 1, 2019 for certain components of its fracturing equipment. This resulted in a one-time depreciation charge of $9.5 million during the first quarter in 2019 relating to assets in use at the end of the previous quarter.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE LOSSES
The Company recorded a foreign exchange loss of $9.7 million during the first nine months in 2020 versus a loss of $6.5 million in the comparable period in 2019. Foreign exchange gains and losses arise primarily from the translation of net monetary assets or liabilities that were held in U.S. dollars in Canada, net monetary assets or liabilities that were held in pesos in Argentina, and liabilities held in Canadian dollars in Russia. The Company's foreign exchange loss in the first nine months in 2020 was largely attributable to net monetary assets that were held in pesos in Argentina as the peso devalued against the U.S. dollar during this period combined with liabilities held in Canadian dollars in Russia due to the decline in the Russian rouble versus the Canadian dollar.

IMPAIRMENT
The Company tested each of its cash generating units (CGUs) for potential impairment at March 31, 2020 and again at June 30, 2020. A complete summary of the impairment charges recorded during the first nine months of 2020 are as follows:

The PP&E impairment losses by CGU are as follows:


Nine Months Ended Sep. 30,


2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

Canada

132,483

United States

15,380

Argentina

52,466

Russia

26,879


227,208

In addition, the Company also carried out a comprehensive review of its inventory to identify individual items that were permanently idle or obsolete, with potential for impairment in value. This resulted in an inventory write-down of $27.9 million (nine months ended September 30, 2019$0.6 million). The inventory write-down by CGU is as follows:


Nine Months Ended Sep. 30,


2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

Canada

6,200

United States

10,668

Argentina

11,000

584


27,868

584

INTEREST
The Company's interest expense of $66.4 million during the first nine months in 2020 was $2.0 million higher than the comparable period in 2019. The increase in interest expense was due to the write-off of $4.4 million of deferred finance costs related to the portion of senior unsecured notes exchanged during the first quarter in 2020, offset partially by reduced leverage of $130.0 million resulting from such debt exchange.

INCOME TAXES
The Company recorded an income tax expense of $113.8 million during the first nine months in 2020 compared to a $28.9 million tax recovery in the comparable period in 2019. The expense position was the result of the write-off of the Company's deferred tax asset during the first quarter in 2020.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES


Three Months Ended Sep. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sep. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

($)

($)

(unaudited)





Cash provided by (used in):





Operating activities

(31,151)

55,071

39,418

116,232

Financing activities

(9,193)

(17,758)

(3,160)

(13,564)

Investing activities

(648)

(36,211)

(36,224)

(106,157)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(6,796)

1,862

(2,464)

(4,255)

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(47,788)

2,964

(2,430)

(7,744)

OPERATING ACTIVITIES
The Company's cash used by operating activities for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was $31.2 million versus cash provided of $55.1 million during the same period in 2019. The decrease in cash provided by operations was primarily due to $26.2 million used by working capital during the third quarter compared to working capital providing $15.7 million of cash in the same period in 2019, combined with lower activity in the United States and Argentina. At September 30, 2020, Calfrac's working capital was $128.0 million, compared to $248.8 million at December 31, 2019.

FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Net cash used by financing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was $9.2 million compared to net cash used of $17.8 million in the comparable period in 2019. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had net repayments under its credit facilities of $5.0 million, debt issuance costs of $1.1 million and lease principal payments of $3.1 million.

On February 24, 2020, Calfrac executed an exchange offer of US$120.0 million of new 10.875% second lien secured notes ("New Notes") due March 15, 2026 to holders of its existing 8.50% senior unsecured notes ("Old Notes") due June 15, 2026. The New Notes are secured by a second lien on the same assets that secure obligations under the Company's existing senior secured credit facility. The exchange was completed at an exchange price of US$550 for each US$1,000 of Old Notes, resulting in US$218.2 million being exchanged for US$120.0 million of New Notes. The exchange resulted in reduced leverage of approximately $130.0 million and a $7.3 million reduction in annual debt service costs.

On April 30, 2019, Calfrac amended and extended its credit facilities while maintaining its total facility capacity at $375.0 million. The facilities consist of an operating facility of $40.0 million and a syndicated facility of $335.0 million. The Company's credit facilities were extended by a term of two years and mature on June 1, 2022, and can be extended by one or more years at the Company's request and lenders' acceptance. The Company may also prepay principal without penalty. The interest rates are based on the parameters of certain bank covenants. For prime-based loans and U.S. base-rate loans, the rate ranges from prime or U.S. base rate plus 0.50 percent to prime plus 2.50 percent. For LIBOR-based loans and bankers' acceptance-based loans, the margin thereon ranges from 1.50 percent to 3.50 percent above the respective base rates. The accordion feature of the syndicated facility remains at $100.0 million, and is available to the Company during the term of the agreement. The Company incurs interest at the high end of the ranges outlined above if its net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is above 4.00:1.00. Additionally, in the event that the Company's net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is above 5.00:1.00, certain restrictions apply including the following: (a) acquisitions are subject to majority lender consent; (b) distributions are restricted other than those relating to the Company's share unit plans; and (c) no increase in the rate of dividends are permitted. As at September 30, 2020, the Company's net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio exceeded the 5.00:1.00 threshold.

Advances under the credit facilities are limited by a borrowing base. The borrowing base is calculated based on the sum of the following:

i.

Eligible North American accounts receivable, which is based on 75 percent of accounts receivable owing by companies rated BB+ or lower by Standard & Poor's (or a similar rating agency) and 85 percent of accounts receivable from companies rated BBB- or higher;

ii.

100 percent of unencumbered cash of the parent company and its U.S. operating subsidiary, excluding any cash held in a segregated account for the purposes of a potential equity cure; and

iii.

25 percent of the net book value of property, plant and equipment (PP&E) of the parent company and its U.S. operating subsidiary. The value of PP&E excludes assets under construction and is limited to $150.0 million.

At September 30, 2020, the Company had used $0.9 million of its credit facilities for letters of credit and had $165.0 million of borrowings under its credit facilities, leaving $209.1 million in available capacity under its credit facilities. As described above, the Company's credit facilities are subject to a monthly borrowing base, as determined using the previous month's results, which at September 30, 2020 resulted in a liquidity amount of $45.5 million.

The Company's credit facilities contain certain financial covenants. Weakened market conditions attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic and continued low price of oil and natural gas have required many oil and gas service companies to seek covenant relief from their lenders. Subsequent to the end of the third quarter of 2020 and following court approval of the Recapitalization Transaction, the Company was granted a waiver on its Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA covenant from its banking syndicate for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. The waiver granted is a precursor to additional amendments to the existing credit facilities that will become effective on closing of the Recapitalization Transaction and will provide increased flexibility for the Company to navigate material uncertainty in the near-term. As shown in the table below, at September 30, 2020, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants associated with its credit facilities.


Covenant

Actual

As at September 30,

2020

2020

Working capital ratio not to fall below

1.15x

2.16x

Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA not to exceed(1)(2)

N/A

7.34x

Funded Debt to Capitalization not to exceed(1)(3)

0.30x

0.18x

(1)

Funded Debt is defined as Total Debt excluding all outstanding senior unsecured notes, second lien senior notes, and lease obligations. Total Debt includes bank loans and long-term debt (before unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discount) plus outstanding letters of credit. For the purposes of the Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio, the Funded Debt to Capitalization Ratio and the Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio, the amount of Total Debt or Funded Debt, as applicable, is reduced by the amount of cash on hand with lenders (excluding any cash held in a segregated account for the purposes of a potential equity cure).

(2)

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income or loss for the period adjusted for interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash stock-based compensation, and gains and losses that are extraordinary or non-recurring.

(3)

Capitalization is Total Debt plus equity.

Given the wide range of possible outcomes and scenarios resulting from the combination of the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on demand and the supply response relating to the OPEC+ agreement on crude oil production cuts, the Company has very limited insight as to the economic conditions that will exist in its near-term outlook. The pervasive impact and influence of these factors have a direct correlation with the Company's customers' capital spending plans and, as a result, the demand for the Company's services.

During the second quarter of 2020, the Company elected to defer its cash interest payment that was due on June 15, 2020 in respect of its outstanding 8.50% senior unsecured notes due 2026. Under the terms of the unsecured notes indenture, the Company had a 30-day grace period from the periodic interest payment date of June 15 in order to make this cash interest payment before an event of default would have occurred. The Company had both the ability and financial capacity to make this interest payment. During the third quarter of 2020, the Company announced and subsequently amended the Recapitalization Transaction aimed at reducing the Company's debt and restructuring its balance sheet. Subsequent to the end of the third quarter of 2020, the Company's senior unsecured noteholders and shareholders each voted in favor of the Recapitalization Transaction, and such transaction was approved by the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta on October 30, 2020 under the provisions of the Canada Business Corporations Act. See note 8 for further information.

As a result of the factors noted above, there are material uncertainties that may cast significant doubt on the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern and, accordingly, the appropriateness of the use of accounting principles applicable to a going concern entity. Such material uncertainties may include: satisfaction or waiver of all conditions precedent to the completion of the Recapitalization Transaction, customer credit risk, compliance with financial covenants in future periods, liquidity, capital structure, valuation of long-lived assets and inventory valuation.

The interim consolidated financial statements do not reflect the adjustments to the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the reported revenues and expenses and balance sheet classifications that would be necessary if the Company was unable to realize its assets and liabilities as a going concern in the normal course of operations. Such adjustments could be material.

Proceeds from equity offerings may be applied, as an equity cure, in the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA towards the Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA covenant for any of the quarters ending prior to and including June 30, 2022, subject to certain conditions including:

i.

the Company is only permitted to use the proceeds of a common share issuance to increase Adjusted EBITDA a maximum of two times;

ii.

the Company cannot use the proceeds of a common share issuance to increase Adjusted EBITDA in consecutive quarter ends;

iii.

the maximum proceeds of each common share issuance permitted to be attributed to Adjusted EBITDA cannot exceed the greater of 50 percent of Adjusted EBITDA on a trailing four-quarter basis and $25.0 million; and

iv.

if proceeds are not used immediately as an equity cure they must be held in a segregated bank account pending an election to use them for such purpose, and if they are removed from such account but not used as an equity cure they will no longer be eligible for such use.

The Company can utilize two equity cures during the term of the credit facilities subject to the conditions described above. To utilize an equity cure, the Company must provide notice of any such election to the lending syndicate at any time prior to the filing of its quarterly financial statements for the applicable quarter on SEDAR. Amounts used as an equity cure prior to June 30, 2022 will increase Adjusted EBITDA over the relevant twelve-month rolling period and will also serve to reduce Funded Debt.

The Company's credit facilities also require majority lender consent for dispositions of property or assets in Canada and the United States if the aggregate market value exceeds $20.0 million. There are no restrictions pertaining to dispositions of property or assets outside of Canada and the United States, except that to the extent that advances under the credit facilities exceed $50.0 million at the time of any such dispositions, Calfrac must use the resulting proceeds to reduce the advances to less than $50.0 million before using the balance for other purposes.

The indentures governing the Old Notes and New Notes, which are available on SEDAR, contain restrictions on the Company's ability to pay dividends, purchase and redeem shares of the Company and make certain restricted investments, that are not defined as Permitted Investments under the indentures, in circumstances where:

i.

the Company is in default under either of the indentures or the making of such payment would result in a default;

ii.

the Company would not meet the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio(1) under either of the indentures of at least 2:1 for the most recent four fiscal quarters, after giving pro forma effect to such restricted payment as if it had been made at the beginning of the applicable four fiscal quarter period; or

iii.

there is insufficient room for such payment within a builder basket included in the indentures.


(1)  The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is defined as cash flow to interest expense. Cash flow is a non-GAAP measure and does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and is defined under the indenture as net income (loss) before depreciation, extraordinary gains or losses, unrealized foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, impairment or reversal of impairment of assets, restructuring charges, provision for settlement of litigation, stock-based compensation, interest, and income taxes. Interest expense is adjusted to exclude any non-recurring charges associated with redeeming or retiring any indebtedness prior to its maturity.

These limitations on restricted payments are tempered by the existence of a number of exceptions to the general prohibition, including a basket allowing for restricted payments in an aggregate amount of up to US$20.0 million. As at September 30, 2020 this basket was not utilized. The indentures also restrict the ability to incur additional indebtedness if the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio determined on a pro forma basis for the most recently ended four fiscal quarter period for which internal financial statements are available is not at least 2:1. As is the case with restricted payments, there are a number of exceptions to this prohibition on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, including the incurrence of additional debt under credit facilities up to the greater of $375.0 million or 30 percent of the Company's consolidated tangible assets, plus a general basket equal to the greater of 4 percent of consolidated tangible assets and US$60.0 million.

As at September 30, 2020, the Company's Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of 0.47:1 was below the required 2:1 ratio. Failing to meet the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is not an event of default under the indentures, and the baskets highlighted in the preceding paragraph provide sufficient flexibility for the Company to incur additional indebtedness and make anticipated restricted payments which may be required to conduct its operations.

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Calfrac's net cash used for investing activities was $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 versus $36.2 million in the comparable period in 2019. Cash outflows relating to capital expenditures were $2.1 million in 2020 compared to $37.2 million during the same period in 2019. In response to lower expected activity levels, the Company further reduced its 2020 capital budget from $55.0 million to approximately $40.0 million, which is comprised primarily of maintenance capital.

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on the Company's cash and cash equivalents during the three months ended September 30, 2020 was a loss of $6.8 million versus a gain of $1.9 million in the same period in 2019. These losses and gains relate to movements of cash and cash equivalents held by the Company in a foreign currency during the period.

At September 30, 2020, the Company had a cash balance of $40.1 million.

OUTSTANDING SHARE DATA
The Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of common shares. Employees have been granted both performance share units as well as options to purchase common shares under the Company's shareholder-approved equity compensation plans. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the performance share unit plan and stock option plan is equal to 10 percent of the Company's issued and outstanding common shares. As at November 9, 2020, the Company had issued and outstanding 145,616,827 common shares, 867,437 equity-based performance share units and 9,634,120 options to purchase common shares.

ADVISORIES
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
In order to provide Calfrac shareholders and potential investors with information regarding the Company and its subsidiaries, including management's assessment of Calfrac's plans and future operations, certain statements contained in this press release, including statements that contain words such as "seek", "anticipate", "plan", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "may", "will", "project", "predict", "potential", "targeting", "intend", "could", "might", "should", "believe", "forecast" or similar words suggesting future outcomes, are forward-looking statements.

In particular, forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to the Recapitalization Transaction, including its expected impacts on the Company's debt and liquidity, the accounting treatment of related transaction costs, anticipated amendments to the Company's credit facilities, the appeal by Wilks Brothers, LLC, and the Company's expectations and intentions with respect to the foregoing and the completion of the Recapitalization Transaction, expected operating strategies and targets, capital expenditure programs, future financial resources, anticipated equipment utilization levels, future oil and natural gas well activity in each of the Company's operating jurisdictions, results of acquisitions, the impact of environmental regulations and economic reforms and sanctions on the Company's business, future costs or potential liabilities, projections of market prices and costs, supply and demand for oilfield services, expectations regarding the Company's ability to maintain its competitive position, anticipated benefits of the Company's competitive position, expectations regarding the Company's financing activities and restrictions, including with regard to its credit agreement and the indentures pursuant to which its senior unsecured notes and second lien secured notes were issued, and its ability to raise capital, treatment under government regulatory regimes, commodity prices, anticipated outcomes of specific events (including exposure under existing legal proceedings), expectations regarding trends in, and the growth prospects of, the global oil and natural gas industry, the Company's growth strategy and prospects, and the impact of changes in accounting policies and standards on the Company and its financial statements. These statements are derived from certain assumptions and analyses made by the Company based on its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors that it believes are appropriate in the circumstances, including, but not limited to, the Recapitalization Transaction will be completed as proposed and in a timely manner, the economic and political environment in which the Company operates, the Company's expectations for its current and prospective customers' capital budgets and geographical areas of focus, the Company's existing contracts and the status of current negotiations with key customers and suppliers, the effectiveness of cost reduction measures instituted by the Company and the likelihood that the current tax and regulatory regime will remain substantially unchanged.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's expectations. Such risk factors include: the Company's ability to continue to manage the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on its operations; actions taken by Wilks Brothers, LLC,  restrictions resulting from compliance with or breach of debt covenants and risk of acceleration of indebtedness, including under the Company's credit facilities, senior unsecured notes indenture and/or second lien secured notes indenture; failure to reach any additional agreements with the Company's lenders; the impact of events of defaults in respect of other material contracts of the Company, including but not limited to, cross-defaults resulting in acceleration of amounts payable thereunder or the termination of such agreements; failure to receive any applicable regulatory, court, third party and other stakeholder approvals in respect of the Recapitalization Transaction; global economic conditions, the level of exploration, development and production for oil and natural gas in Canada, the United States, Argentina and Russia; the demand for fracturing and other stimulation services for the completion of oil and natural gas wells; volatility in market prices for oil and natural gas and the effect of this volatility on the demand for oilfield services generally; the availability of capital on satisfactory terms; direct and indirect exposure to volatile credit markets, including credit rating risk; sourcing, pricing and availability of raw materials, component parts, equipment, suppliers, facilities and skilled personnel; excess oilfield equipment levels; regional competition; currency exchange rate risk; risks associated with foreign operations; dependence on, and concentration of, major customers; liabilities and risks, including environmental liabilities and risks, inherent in oil and natural gas operations; uncertainties in weather and temperature affecting the duration of the service periods and the activities that can be completed; liabilities relating to legal and/or administrative proceedings; operating restrictions and compliance costs associated with legislative and regulatory initiatives relating to hydraulic fracturing and the protection of workers and the environment; changes in legislation and the regulatory environment; failure to maintain the Company's safety standards and record; liabilities and risks associated with prior operations; the ability to integrate technological advances and match advances from competitors; intellectual property risk; third party credit risk; failure to realize anticipated benefits of acquisitions and dispositions. Further information about these and other risks and uncertainties may be found under "Business Risks" above.

Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this press release are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that actual results or developments anticipated by the Company will be realized, or that they will have the expected consequences or effects on the Company or its business or operations. These statements speak only as of the respective date of this press release or the document incorporated by reference herein. The Company assumes no obligation to update publicly any such forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required pursuant to applicable securities laws.

BUSINESS RISKS
The business of Calfrac is subject to certain risks and uncertainties. Prior to making any investment decision regarding Calfrac, investors should carefully consider, among other things, the risk factors set forth in the Company's most recently filed Annual Information Form and those risk and uncertainties identified under the heading "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in the Management Information Circular dated August 17, 2020, as supplemented by the Material Change Report dated September 25, 2020, with respect to the Recapitalization Transaction (collectively, the "Recapitalization Transaction Circular"), which are specifically incorporated by reference herein.

The Annual Information Form and Recapitalization Transaction Circular are available through the Internet on the Canadian System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (SEDAR), which can be accessed at www.sedar.com. Copies of the Annual Information Form may also be obtained on request without charge from Calfrac at Suite 500, 407 – 8th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2P 1E5, or at www.calfrac.com, or by facsimile at 403-266-7381.

NON-GAAP MEASURES
Certain supplementary measures presented in this press release do not have any standardized meaning under IFRS and, because IFRS have been incorporated as Canadian generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), these supplementary measures are also non-GAAP measures. These measures have been described and presented in order to provide shareholders and potential investors with additional information regarding the Company's financial results, liquidity and ability to generate funds to finance its operations. These measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other entities, and are explained below.

Operating income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) before depreciation, foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, gains or losses on exchange of debt, impairment of inventory, impairment of property, plant and equipment, interest, and income taxes. Management believes that operating income is a useful supplemental measure as it provides an indication of the financial results generated by Calfrac's business segments prior to consideration of how these segments are financed or taxed. Operating income for the period was calculated as follows:


Three Months Ended Sep. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sep. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

($)

($)

(unaudited)





Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Add back (deduct):





Depreciation

31,720

58,669

141,178

192,295

Foreign exchange losses

7,822

5,038

9,744

6,469

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314

Income taxes

151

(10,773)

113,833

(28,868)

Operating income

8,009

47,021

6,400

131,747

Adjusted EBITDA is defined in the Company's credit facilities for covenant purposes as net income or loss for the period adjusted for interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains), non-cash stock-based compensation, and gains and losses that are extraordinary or non-recurring. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because it is used in the calculation of the Company's bank covenants. Adjusted EBITDA for the period was calculated as follows:


Three Months Ended Sep. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sep. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s)



($)

($)

(unaudited)





Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Add back (deduct):





Depreciation

31,720

58,669

141,178

192,295

Unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains)

5,202

(249)

4,884

1,182

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Non-cash purchase commitment termination settlement

2,082

2,082

Restructuring charges

400

10

5,373

2,485

Stock-based compensation

596

1,284

1,099

3,292

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314

Income taxes

151

(10,773)

113,833

(28,868)

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

8,467

43,028

10,094

132,237

(1) For bank covenant purposes, EBITDA includes an additional $13.1 million of lease payments for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 (nine months ended September 30, 2019 $17.0 million) that would have been recorded as operating expenses prior to the adoption of IFRS 16 on January 1, 2019.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Further information regarding Calfrac Well Services Ltd., including the most recently filed Annual Information Form, can be accessed on the Company's website at www.calfrac.com or under the Company's public filings found at www.sedar.com.

THIRD QUARTER CONFERENCE CALL
Calfrac will be conducting a conference call for interested analysts, brokers, investors and news media representatives to review its 2020 third-quarter results at 10:00 a.m. (Mountain Time) on Thursday, November 12, 2020. The conference call dial-in number is 1-888-231-8191 or 647-427-7450. The seven-day replay numbers are 1-855-859-2056 or 416-849-0833 (once connected, enter 9488435). A webcast of the conference call may be accessed via the Company's website at www.calfrac.com.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


September 30,

December 31,


2020

2019

(C$000s) (unaudited)

($)

($)

ASSETS



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents

40,132

42,562

Accounts receivable

95,560

216,647

Income taxes recoverable

4,428

1,608

Inventories

88,720

127,620

Prepaid expenses and deposits

30,773

17,489


259,613

405,926

Non-current assets



Property, plant and equipment

666,670

969,944

Right-of-use assets

27,923

29,760

Deferred income tax assets

120,292

Total assets

954,206

1,525,922

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY



Current liabilities



Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

120,038

143,225

Current portion of lease obligations

11,586

13,929


131,624

157,154

Non-current liabilities



Long-term debt (note 2)

887,647

976,693

Lease obligations

15,968

16,990

Deferred income tax liabilities

6,462

Total liabilities

1,035,239

1,157,299

Capital stock (note 3)

510,510

509,235

Contributed surplus

44,140

44,316

Loan receivable for purchase of common shares

(2,500)

(2,500)

Accumulated deficit

(635,306)

(185,174)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

2,123

2,746

Total equity

(81,033)

368,623

Total liabilities and equity

954,206

1,525,922

Going Concern (note 1)

Contingencies (note 6)

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS 


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s, except per share data) (unaudited)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Revenue

127,776

399,220

524,714

1,303,870

Cost of sales

141,429

392,174

621,154

1,309,353

Gross (loss) profit

(13,653)

7,046

(96,440)

(5,483)

Expenses





Selling, general and administrative

10,058

18,694

38,338

55,065

Foreign exchange losses

7,822

5,038

9,744

6,469

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Gain on exchange of debt (note 2)

(130,444)

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314


36,196

47,243

239,859

130,188

Loss before income tax

(49,849)

(40,197)

(336,299)

(135,671)

Income tax expense (recovery)





Current

151

965

228

3,613

Deferred

(11,738)

113,605

(32,481)


151

(10,773)

113,833

(28,868)

Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)






Loss per share (note 3)





Basic

(0.34)

(0.20)

(3.10)

(0.74)

Diluted

(0.34)

(0.20)

(3.10)

(0.74)

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s) (unaudited)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Other comprehensive income (loss)





Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit or loss:





Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

2,566

(1,026)

(623)

3,690

Comprehensive loss

(47,434)

(30,450)

(450,755)

(103,113)

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY


Share
Capital

Contributed
Surplus

Loan Receivable
for Purchase of
Common
Shares

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

Accumulated
Deficit

Total Equity

(C$000s) (unaudited)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Balance – Jan. 1, 2020

509,235

44,316

(2,500)

2,746

(185,174)

368,623

Net loss

(450,132)

(450,132)

Other comprehensive income (loss):







Cumulative translation adjustment

(623)

(623)

Comprehensive loss

(623)

(450,132)

(450,755)

Stock options:







Stock-based compensation recognized

682

682

Performance share units:







Stock-based compensation recognized

417

417

Shares issued (note 3)

1,275

(1,275)

Balance – Sept. 30, 2020

510,510

44,140

(2,500)

2,123

(635,306)

(81,033)

Balance – Jan. 1, 2019

508,276

40,453

(2,500)

(3,438)

(28,971)

513,820

Net loss

(106,803)

(106,803)

Other comprehensive income (loss):







Cumulative translation adjustment

3,690

3,690

Comprehensive income (loss)

3,690

(106,803)

(103,113)

Stock options:







Stock-based compensation recognized

2,195

2,195

Proceeds from issuance of shares (note 3)

252

(56)

196

Performance share units:







Stock-based compensation recognized

1,097

1,097

Shares issued (note 3)

707

(707)

Balance – Sept. 30, 2019

509,235

42,982

(2,500)

252

(135,774)

414,195

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s) (unaudited)

($)

($)

($)

($)

CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN)





OPERATING ACTIVITIES





Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Adjusted for the following:





Depreciation

31,720

58,669

141,178

192,295

Stock-based compensation

596

1,284

1,099

3,292

Unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains)

5,202

(249)

4,884

1,182

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Gain on exchange of debt (note 2)

(130,444)

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314

Interest paid

(10,797)

(2,654)

(19,877)

(42,840)

Deferred income taxes

(11,738)

113,605

(32,481)

Changes in items of working capital

(26,188)

15,672

56,884

32,933

Cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities

(31,151)

55,071

39,418

116,232

FINANCING ACTIVITIES





Issuance of long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs

(1,064)

13,850

57,340

55,008

Long-term debt repayments

(5,000)

(26,625)

(48,727)

(53,180)

Lease obligation principal repayments

(3,129)

(4,983)

(11,773)

(15,588)

Proceeds on issuance of common shares

196

Cash flows used in financing activities

(9,193)

(17,758)

(3,160)

(13,564)

INVESTING ACTIVITIES





Purchase of property, plant and equipment

(2,135)

(37,200)

(39,151)

(106,960)

Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment

563

989

1,591

803

Proceeds on disposal of right-of-use assets

924

1,336

Cash flows used in investing activities

(648)

(36,211)

(36,224)

(106,157)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(6,796)

1,862

(2,464)

(4,255)

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(47,788)

2,964

(2,430)

(7,744)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

87,920

41,193

42,562

51,901

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

40,132

44,157

40,132

44,157

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTES TO THE INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As at and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(Amounts in text and tables are in thousands of Canadian dollars, except share data and certain other exceptions as indicated)

1.  GOING CONCERN

These interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes that the Company will continue in operation for the foreseeable future and be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business as they become due. The global economy has been significantly disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. This has resulted in significant demand destruction for crude oil and related hydrocarbons. In addition, the delayed response by the OPEC+ group to an oversupply of crude oil on a global basis has caused further damage to the global oil and gas industry which, in turn, has negatively impacted the Company's year-to-date results and its near-term outlook.

Given the wide range of possible outcomes and scenarios resulting from the combination of the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on demand and the supply response relating to the OPEC+ agreement on crude oil production cuts, the Company has very limited insight on the economic conditions that will exist in its near-term outlook. The pervasive impact and influence of these factors have a direct correlation with the Company's customers' capital spending plans and, as a result, the demand for the Company's services.

During the second quarter of 2020, the Company elected to defer its cash interest payment that was due on June 15, 2020 in respect of its outstanding 8.50% senior unsecured notes due 2026. Under the terms of the unsecured notes indenture, the Company had a 30-day grace period from the periodic interest payment date of June 15 in order to make this cash interest payment before an event of default would have occurred. The Company had both the ability and financial capacity to make this interest payment. During the third quarter of 2020, the Company announced and subsequently amended the recapitalization transaction (the "Recapitalization Transaction") aimed at reducing the Company's debt and restructuring its balance sheet. Subsequent to the end of the third quarter of 2020, the Company's senior unsecured noteholders and shareholders voted in favor of the Recapitalization Transaction, and such transaction was approved by the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta on October 30, 2020 under the provisions of the Canada Business Corporations Act. See note 8 for further information.

Subsequent to the end of the third quarter of 2020 and following court approval of the Recapitalization Transaction, the Company was granted a waiver on its Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA covenant from its banking syndicate for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. The waiver granted is a precursor to additional amendments to the existing credit facilities that will become effective on closing of the Recapitalization Transaction and will provide increased flexibility for the Company to navigate material uncertainty in the near-term. See note 8 for further information regarding the Company's credit facilities.

As a result of the factors noted above, there are material uncertainties that may cast significant doubt on the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern and, accordingly, the appropriateness of the use of accounting principles applicable to a going concern entity. Such material uncertainties may include: satisfaction or waiver of all conditions precedent to the completion of the Recapitalization Transaction, customer credit risk, compliance with financial covenants in future periods, liquidity, capital structure, valuation of long-lived assets and inventory valuation.

These interim consolidated financial statements do not reflect the adjustments to the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the reported revenues and expenses and balance sheet classifications that would be necessary if the Company was unable to realize its assets and liabilities as a going concern in the normal course of operations. Such adjustments could be material.

2.  LONG-TERM DEBT


September 30,

December 31,


2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

US$431,818 senior unsecured notes (December 31, 2019 – US$650,000) due June 15, 2026, bearing



interest at 8.50% payable semi-annually

576,002

844,220

US$120,000 second lien senior notes due March 15, 2026, bearing interest at 10.875% payable semi-



annually, secured by the Canadian and U.S. assets of the Company on a second priority basis

160,068

$375,000 extendible revolving term loan facility, secured by Canadian and U.S. assets of the Company

165,000

147,988

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs

(13,423)

(15,515)


887,647

976,693

The fair value of the senior unsecured notes, as measured based on the closing quoted market price at September 30, 2020, was $56,673 (December 31, 2019 – $342,078). The fair value of the second lien senior notes, as measured based on the closing market price at September 30, 2020 was $115,619 (December 31, 2019 – not applicable). The carrying value of the revolving term loan facility approximates its fair value as the interest rate is not significantly different from current interest rates for similar loans.

On February 24, 2020, the Company completed an exchange offer of US$120,000 of new 10.875% second lien secured notes ("New Notes") due March 15, 2026 to holders of its existing 8.50% senior unsecured notes ("Old Notes") due June 15, 2026. The New Notes are secured by a second lien on the same assets that secure obligations under the Company's existing senior secured credit facility. The exchange was completed at an average exchange price of US$550 per each US$1,000 of Old Notes resulting in US$218,182 being exchanged for US$120,000 of New Notes, resulting in a non-cash gain on exchange of debt of $130,444.

The Company's credit facility capacity is $375,000, which consists of an operating facility of $40,000 and a syndicated facility of $335,000. The credit facilities mature on June 1, 2022 and can be extended by one or more years at the Company's request and lenders' acceptance. The Company may also prepay principal without penalty. The interest rates are based on the parameters of certain bank covenants. For prime-based loans and U.S. base-rate loans, the rate ranges from prime or U.S. base rate plus 0.50 percent to prime plus 2.50 percent. For LIBOR-based loans and bankers' acceptance-based loans, the margin thereon ranges from 1.50 percent to 3.50 percent above the respective base rates. The accordion feature of the syndicated facility remains at $100,000, and is available to the Company during the term of the agreement. The Company incurs interest at the high end of the ranges outlined above if its net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is above 4.00:1.00. Additionally, in the event that the Company's net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is above 5.00:1.00, certain restrictions would apply including the following: (a) acquisitions will be subject to majority lender consent; (b) distributions will be restricted other than those relating to the Company's share unit plans; and (c) no increase in the rate of dividends will be permitted. As at September 30, 2020, the Company's net Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio exceeded the 5.00:1.00 threshold.

Debt issuance costs related to this facility are amortized over its term.

Interest on long-term debt (including the amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount) for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $65,376 (nine months ended September 30, 2019$62,660).

The following table sets out an analysis of long-term debt and the movements in long-term debt for the periods presented:


2020

(C$000s)

($)

Balance, January 1

976,693

Issuance of long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs

57,340

Long-term debt repayments

(48,727)

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount

10,032

Foreign exchange adjustments

22,753

Balance, September 30

887,647

At September 30, 2020, the Company had utilized $867 of its loan facility for letters of credit, had $165,000 outstanding under its revolving term loan facility, leaving $209,133 in available credit, subject to a monthly borrowing base, as determined using the previous month's results, which at September 30, 2020, resulted in liquidity in the amount of $45,482.

See note 5 for further details on the covenants in respect of the Company's long-term debt. See notes 1 and 8 for further details regarding the Company's senior unsecured notes and its credit facilities.

3.  CAPITAL STOCK

Authorized capital stock consists of an unlimited number of common shares.


Nine Months Ended

Year Ended


September 30, 2020

December 31, 2019

Continuity of Common Shares

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount


(#)

($000s)

(#)

($000s)

Balance, beginning of period

144,888,888

506,735

144,462,532

504,526

Issued upon exercise of stock options

98,675

252

Issued upon vesting of performance share units

282,306

1,275

104,865

707

Issued on acquisition

445,633

2,500

222,816

1,250

Balance, end of period

145,616,827

510,510

144,888,888

506,735

Shares to be issued

445,633

2,500


145,616,827

510,510

145,334,521

509,235

The weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was 145,311,999 basic and 145,481,199 diluted (three months ended September 30, 2019 – 144,673,672 basic and 145,334,206 diluted). The weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was 145,085,884 basic and 145,255,670 diluted (nine months ended September 30, 2019 – 144,512,322 basic and 145,712,546 diluted). The difference between basic and diluted shares is attributable to the dilutive effect of stock options issued by the Company as disclosed in note 4.

4.  SHARE-BASED PAYMENTS

(a)  Stock Options

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Continuity of Stock Options

Options

Average
Exercise Price

Options

Average
Exercise Price


(#)

($)

(#)

($)

Balance, January 1

12,203,008

3.16

9,392,095

4.70

Granted

54,900

0.62

1,564,300

2.49

Exercised for common shares

(98,675)

1.99

Forfeited

(2,411,622)

3.89

(549,317)

4.85

Expired

(167,100)

7.33

(47,000)

19.07

Balance, September 30

9,679,186

2.89

10,261,403

4.31

Stock options vest equally over three to four years and expire five years from the date of grant. The exercise price of outstanding options range from $0.26 to $7.78 with a weighted average remaining life of 2.23 years. When stock options are exercised, the proceeds together with the compensation expense previously recorded in contributed surplus, are added to capital stock.

The weighted average fair value of options granted during 2020, determined using the Black-Scholes valuation method, was $0.27 per option (nine months ended September 30, 2019$1.02 per option). The Company applied the following assumptions in determining the fair value of options on the date of grant:

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Expected life (years)

3.00

3.00

Expected volatility

71.18%

59.16%

Risk-free interest rate

0.87%

1.66%

Expected dividends

$0.00

$0.00

Expected volatility is estimated by considering historical average share price volatility.

(b)  Share Units

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2020

2019

Continuity of Stock Units

Deferred
Share Units

Performance
Share Units

Deferred Share
Units

Performance
Share Units

Restricted
Share Units


(#)

(#)

(#)

(#)

(#)

Balance, January 1

145,000

1,294,564

145,000

1,108,300

3,139,150

Granted

105,000

998,394

145,000

1,112,531

Exercised

(282,306)

(145,000)

(556,683)

(1,998,600)

Forfeited

(50,000)

(378,409)

(74,162)

(81,000)

Balance, September 30

200,000

1,632,243

145,000

1,589,986

1,059,550

 


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019


($)

($)

($)

($)

Expense (recovery) from:





Stock options

418

826

682

2,195

Deferred share units

(6)

26

(138)

182

Performance share units

178

457

417

1,409

Restricted share units

(71)

(197)

Total stock-based compensation expense

590

1,238

961

3,589

Stock-based compensation expense is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

The Company grants deferred share units to its outside directors. These units vest on the first anniversary of the date of grant and are settled either in cash (equal to the market value of the underlying shares at the time of exercise) or in Company shares purchased on the open market. The fair value of the deferred share units is recognized equally over the vesting period, based on the current market price of the Company's shares. At September 30, 2020, the liability pertaining to deferred share units was $28 (December 31, 2019 – $166).

The Company grants performance share units to its employees. These performance share units contain a cash-based component and an equity-based component. The cash-based component vests over three years based on corporate financial performance thresholds and are settled either in cash (equal to the market value of the underlying shares at the time of vesting) or in Company shares purchased on the open market. The equity-based component vests over three years without any further conditions and are settled in treasury shares issued by the Company. At September 30, 2020, the liability pertaining to the cash-based component of performance share units was $nil (December 31, 2019 – $nil).

Changes in the Company's obligations under the deferred and performance share unit plans, which arise from fluctuations in the market value of the Company's shares underlying these compensation programs, are recorded as the share value changes.

5.  CAPITAL STRUCTURE

The Company's capital structure is comprised of shareholders' equity and debt. The Company's objectives in managing capital are (i) to maintain flexibility so as to preserve its access to capital markets and its ability to meet its financial obligations, and (ii) to finance growth, including potential acquisitions.

The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments in light of changing market conditions and new opportunities, while remaining cognizant of the cyclical nature of the oilfield services sector. To maintain or adjust its capital structure, the Company may revise its capital spending, adjust dividends, if any, paid to shareholders, issue new shares or new debt or repay existing debt. See note 8 for further information related to the Company's plan for addressing its capital structure.

The Company monitors its capital structure and financing requirements using, amongst other parameters, the ratio of net debt to operating income. Operating income for this purpose is calculated on a 12-month trailing basis and is defined as follows:


September 30,

December 31,

For the Twelve Months

2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

Net loss

(499,532)

(156,203)

Adjusted for the following:



Depreciation

210,110

261,227

Foreign exchange losses

9,616

6,341

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,602)

1,870

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

229,373

2,165

Impairment of inventory

31,028

Impairment of other assets

507

3,744

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Interest

87,866

85,826

Income taxes

90,475

(52,226)

Operating income

27,397

152,744

Net debt for this purpose is calculated as follows:


September 30,

December 31,

As at

2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

Long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs and debt discount

887,647

976,693

Lease obligations

27,554

30,919

Less: cash and cash equivalents

(40,132)

(42,562)

Net debt

875,069

965,050

The ratio of net debt to operating income does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

At September 30, 2020, the net debt to operating income ratio was 31.94:1 (December 31, 2019 – 6.32:1) calculated on a 12-month trailing basis as follows:


September 30,

December 31,

For the Twelve Months Ended

2020

2019

(C$000s, except ratio)

($)

($)

Net debt

875,069

965,050

Operating income

27,397

152,744

Net debt to operating income ratio

31.94:1

6.32:1

The Company is subject to certain financial covenants relating to working capital, leverage and the generation of cash flow in respect of its operating and revolving credit facilities. These covenants are monitored on a monthly basis. The Company obtained a waiver of its Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA covenant for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 from its first lien lenders following court approval of the Company's Recapitalization Transaction as disclosed in note 8.


Covenant

Actual

As at September 30,

2020

2020

Working capital ratio not to fall below

1.15x

2.16x

Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA not to exceed(1)(2)

N/A

7.34x

Funded Debt to Capitalization not to exceed(1)(3)

0.30x

0.18x

(1) Funded Debt is defined as Total Debt excluding all outstanding senior unsecured notes, second lien senior notes, and lease obligations. Total Debt includes bank loans and long-term debt (before unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discount) plus outstanding letters of credit. For the purposes of the Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio, the Funded Debt to Capitalization Ratio and the Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio, the amount of Total Debt or Funded Debt, as applicable, is reduced by the amount of cash on hand with lenders (excluding any cash held in a segregated account for the purposes of a potential equity cure).

(2)  Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income or loss for the period adjusted for interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash stock-based compensation, and gains and losses that are extraordinary or non-recurring.

(3) Capitalization is Total Debt plus equity.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income or loss for the period less interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains), non-cash stock-based compensation, and gains and losses that are extraordinary or non-recurring. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because it gives an indication of the results from the Company's principal business activities prior to consideration of how its activities are financed and the impact of foreign exchange, taxation and depreciation and amortization charges. Adjusted EBITDA for the period was calculated as follows:


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s)



($)

($)

Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Add back (deduct):





Depreciation

31,720

58,669

141,178

192,295

Unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains)

5,202

(249)

4,884

1,182

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Restructuring charges

400

10

5,373

2,485

Stock-based compensation

596

1,284

1,099

3,292

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Non-cash purchase commitment termination settlement

2,082

2,082

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314

Income taxes

151

(10,773)

113,833

(28,868)

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

8,467

43,028

10,094

132,237

(1) For bank covenant purposes, EBITDA includes an additional $13,077 of lease payments for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 (nine months ended September 30, 2019 $16,982) that would have been recorded as operating expenses prior to the adoption of IFRS 16.

Advances under the credit facilities are limited by a borrowing base. The borrowing base is calculated based on the following:

i.

Eligible North American accounts receivable, which is based on 75 percent of accounts receivable owing by companies rated BB+ or lower by Standard & Poor's (or a similar rating agency) and 85 percent of accounts receivable from companies rated BBB- or higher;

ii.

100 percent of unencumbered cash of the parent company and its U.S. operating subsidiary, excluding any cash held in a segregated account for the purposes of a potential equity cure; and

iii.

25 percent of the net book value of property, plant and equipment (PP&E) of the parent company and its U.S. operating subsidiary. The value of PP&E excludes assets under construction and is limited to $150,000.

The indentures governing the senior unsecured notes and second lien secured notes contain restrictions on the Company's ability to pay dividends, purchase and redeem shares of the Company, and make certain restricted investments in circumstances where:

i.

the Company is in default under the indenture or the making of such payment would result in a default;

ii.

the Company is not meeting the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio(1) under the indenture of at least 2:1 for the most recent four fiscal quarters; or

iii.

there is insufficient room for such payment within a builder basket included in the indenture. 



(1) The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is defined as cash flow to interest expense. Cash flow is a non-GAAP measure and does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and is defined under the indenture as net income (loss) before depreciation, extraordinary gains or losses, unrealized foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, impairment or reversal of impairment of assets, restructuring charges, provision for settlement of litigation, stock-based compensation, interest, and income taxes. Interest expense is adjusted to exclude any non-recurring charges associated with redeeming or retiring any indebtedness prior to its maturity.

These limitations on restricted payments are tempered by the existence of a number of exceptions to the general prohibition, including a basket allowing for restricted payments in an aggregate amount of up to US$20,000. As at September 30, 2020, this basket was not utilized.

The indenture also restricts the incurrence of additional indebtedness if the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio determined on a pro forma basis for the most recently ended four fiscal quarter period for which internal financial statements are available is not at least 2:1. As is the case with restricted payments, there are a number of exceptions to this prohibition on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, including the incurrence of additional debt under credit facilities up to the greater of $375,000 or 30 percent of the Company's consolidated tangible assets.

As at September 30, 2020, the Company's Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of 0.47:1 was less than the required 2:1 ratio. Failing to meet the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is not an event of default under the indenture, and the baskets highlighted in the preceding paragraphs provide sufficient flexibility for the Company to make anticipated restricted payments, such as dividends, and incur additional indebtedness as required to conduct its operations and satisfy its obligations.

See notes 1 and 8 for further details regarding the Company's senior unsecured notes.

Proceeds from equity offerings may be applied as both an adjustment in the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and as a reduction of Funded Debt towards the Funded Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio covenant for any of the quarters ending prior to and including June 30, 2022, subject to certain conditions including:

i. 

the Company is only permitted to use the proceeds of a common share issuance to increase Adjusted EBITDA a maximum of two times;

ii. 

the Company cannot use the proceeds of a common share issuance to increase Adjusted EBITDA in consecutive quarter ends;

iii. 

the maximum proceeds of each common share issuance permitted to be attributed to Adjusted EBITDA cannot exceed the greater of 50 percent of Adjusted EBITDA on a rolling four-quarter basis and $25,000; and

iv. 

if proceeds are not used immediately as an equity cure they must be held in a segregated bank account pending an election to use them for such purpose, and if they are removed from such account but not used as an equity cure they will no longer be eligible for such use.

In addition, to the extent that proceeds from an equity offering are used as part of the Equity Cure, such proceeds are included in the calculation of the Company's borrowing base.

6.  CONTINGENCIES

GREEK LITIGATION
As a result of the acquisition and amalgamation with Denison in 2004, the Company assumed certain legal obligations relating to Denison's Greek operations.

In 1998, North Aegean Petroleum Company E.P.E. ("NAPC"), a Greek subsidiary of a consortium in which Denison participated (and which is now a majority-owned subsidiary of the Company), terminated employees in Greece as a result of the cessation of its oil and natural gas operations in that country. Several groups of former employees filed claims against NAPC and the consortium alleging that their termination was invalid and that their severance pay was improperly determined.

In 1999, the largest group of plaintiffs received a ruling from the Athens Court of First Instance that their termination was invalid and that salaries in arrears amounting to approximately $10,701 (6,846 euros) plus interest were due to the former employees. This decision was appealed to the Athens Court of Appeal, which allowed the appeal in 2001 and annulled the above-mentioned decision of the Athens Court of First Instance. The said group of former employees filed an appeal with the Supreme Court of Greece, which was heard on May 29, 2007. The Supreme Court of Greece allowed the appeal and sent the matter back to the Athens Court of Appeal for the consideration of the quantum of awardable salaries in arrears. On June 3, 2008, the Athens Court of Appeal rejected NAPC's appeal and reinstated the award of the Athens Court of First Instance, which decision was further appealed to the Supreme Court of Greece. The matter was heard on April 20, 2010 and a decision rejecting such appeal was rendered in June 2010. As a result of Denison's participation in the consortium that was named in the lawsuit, the Company has been served with three separate payment orders, one on March 24, 2015 and two others on December 29, 2015. The Company was also served with an enforcement order on November 23, 2015. Oppositions have been filed on behalf of the Company in respect of each of these orders which oppose the orders on the basis that they were improperly issued and are barred from a statute of limitations perspective. The salaries in arrears sought to be recovered through these orders are part of the $10,701 (6,846 euros) cited above and the interest being sought in respect of these orders is part of the $29,869 (19,109 euros) cited below. Provisional orders granting a temporary suspension of any enforcement proceedings have been granted in respect of all of the orders that have been served. The opposition against the order served on March 24, 2015 was heard on November 24, 2015 and a decision was issued on November 25, 2016 accepting the Company's opposition on the basis that no lawful service had taken place until the filing of the opponents' petition and/or the issuance of the payment order. The plaintiffs filed an appeal against the above decision which was heard on October 16, 2018 and was rejected in June 2019. The plaintiffs have filed a petition for cassation against appeal judgment, the hearing of which has not yet been scheduled. A hearing in respect of the order served on November 23, 2015 took place on October 31, 2018 and a decision was issued in October 2019 accepting the Company's opposition. The plaintiffs filed an appeal against this decision, the hearing of which was scheduled for March 24, 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the hearing did not take place and the new hearing date was rescheduled for September 8, 2020. The case was heard on September 8, 2020 and currently the issuance of judgment is pending. A hearing in respect of the orders served in December 2015 scheduled for September 20, 2016 was adjourned until November 21, 2016 and decisions were issued on January 9, 2017 accepting the Company's oppositions on a statute of limitations basis. The plaintiffs filed appeals against the above decisions which were heard on October 16, 2018 and were rejected in June 2019. The plaintiffs have filed petitions for cassation against appeal judgments, the hearings of which have not yet been scheduled.

NAPC is also the subject of a claim for approximately $4,474 (2,862 euros) plus associated penalties and interest from the Greek social security agency for social security obligations associated with the salaries in arrears that are the subject of the above-mentioned decision.

The maximum aggregate interest and penalties payable under the claims noted above, as well as three other immaterial claims against NAPC totaling $903 (578 euros), amounted to $29,869 (19,109 euros) as at September 30, 2020.

Management is of the view that it is improbable there will be a material financial impact to the Company as a result of these claims. Consequently, no provision has been recorded in these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

7.  SEGMENTED INFORMATION

The Company's activities are conducted in four geographical segments: Canada, the United States, Russia and Argentina. All activities are related to hydraulic fracturing, coiled tubing, cementing and other well completion services for the oil and natural gas industry.

The business segments presented reflect the Company's management structure and the way its management reviews business performance. The Company evaluates the performance of its operating segments primarily based on operating income, as defined below.


Canada

United States

Russia

Argentina

Corporate

Consolidated

(C$000s)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020






Revenue

44,669

46,503

28,530

8,074

127,776

Operating income (loss)(1)

6,491

2,790

6,033

(3,876)

(3,429)

8,009

Segmented assets

235,234

597,025

52,975

68,972

954,206

Capital expenditures

1,731

1,017

44

2,792







Three Months Ended September 30, 2019






Revenue

104,759

224,424

23,781

46,256

399,220

Operating income (loss)(1)

15,430

27,817

(204)

11,660

(7,682)

47,021

Segmented assets

516,933

833,867

86,920

178,272

1,615,992

Capital expenditures

7,874

21,215

439

9,357

38,885









Canada

United States

Russia

Argentina

Corporate

Consolidated

(C$000s)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020






Revenue

177,101

238,807

73,458

35,348

524,714

Operating income (loss)(1)

24,794

3,026

6,487

(11,953)

(15,954)

6,400

Segmented assets

235,234

597,025

52,975

68,972

954,206

Capital expenditures

8,103

27,672

879

1,489

38,143







Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019






Revenue

324,574

742,634

81,563

155,099

1,303,870

Operating income (loss)(1)

37,265

102,611

(2,859)

20,308

(25,578)

131,747

Segmented assets

516,933

833,867

86,920

178,272

1,615,992

Capital expenditures

18,339

60,558

2,892

23,098

104,887

(1) Operating income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) before depreciation, foreign exchange gains or losses, gains or losses on disposal of property, plant and equipment, gains or losses on exchange of debt, impairment of inventory, impairment of property, plant and equipment, interest, and income taxes.

 


Three Months Ended Sept. 30,

Nine Months Ended Sept. 30,


2020

2019

2020

2019

(C$000s)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Net loss

(50,000)

(29,424)

(450,132)

(106,803)

Add back (deduct):





Depreciation

31,720

58,669

141,178

192,295

Foreign exchange losses

7,822

5,038

9,744

6,469

(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

(1,272)

1,322

284

3,756

Impairment of property, plant and equipment

227,208

Impairment of inventory

584

27,868

584

Impairment of other assets

507

Gain on exchange of debt

(130,444)

Interest

19,588

21,605

66,354

64,314

Income taxes

151

(10,773)

113,833

(28,868)

Operating income

8,009

47,021

6,400

131,747

Operating income does not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

8.  SUBSEQUENT EVENT

On October 16, 2020, Calfrac's senior unsecured noteholders, and common shareholders each voted in favor of the Company's Recapitalization Transaction. The Recapitalization Transaction includes the exchange of the Company's US$431,818 senior unsecured notes for common shares of the Company, in addition to new financing of $60,000. The transaction was approved by the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta on October 30, 2020, under the provisions of the Canada Business Corporations Act. The completion of the Recapitalization Transaction will significantly reduce the Company's total debt and annual interest expense and provide additional liquidity to fund ongoing operations.

The statutory appeal process launched by Wilks Brothers, LLC after the ruling by the Court of Queen's Bench approving the Company's Recapitalization Transaction is moving ahead. The Alberta Court of Appeal has agreed to hear the appeal on an expedited basis, with a hearing scheduled for November 25, 2020. Calfrac will vigorously oppose the appeal and is confident that the evidence before the Court of Appeal supports this position. The Company will continue to update stakeholders with all significant developments as the process continues, and is continuing preparations to close the Recapitalization Transaction as quickly as practicable following the upcoming appeal hearing.

Subsequent to the end of the third quarter and following court approval of the Recapitalization Transaction, the Company was granted a waiver from its first lien lenders in respect of its Funded Debt to EBITDA covenant for the quarter ending September 30, 2020. The waiver granted is a precursor to additional amendments to the existing credit facilities that will become effective on closing of the Recapitalization Transaction.

SOURCE Calfrac Well Services Ltd.

For further information: Lindsay Link, President & Chief Operating Officer, Mike Olinek, Chief Financial Officer, Scott Treadwell, Vice-President, Capital Markets & Strategy, Telephone: 403-266-6000, Fax: 403-266-7381, www.calfrac.com